|2018||11 Sep||Tue||Awal Muharram||National|
Muharram is the beginning of the Islamic New Year. It is the first month of Islamic calendar. It is the second holiest month for the Muslims. In Malaysia as well as the whole world Awal Muharram, who is also known as Maal Hijrah, celebrates the first day of Muharram. Muharram came from an Arabic word haram that means sinful, while the word Muharram means forbidden.
The first day of Muharram is also the starting of remembering for the martyred Hussein ibn Ali, Prophet Hadhrat Mohammed’s grandson, who was murdered by the Syrian army on the 10th day of Muharram in the year 680 AD in the battlefield of Karbala.
In this first month of the Islamic calendar Prophet Mohammed was migrated from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD and because of this, it considered as a time for self-evaluation and a starting point for change.
Muslims celebrate this event all over the world. The Shia Muslims respect this day. They spend the day mourning for Hadhrat Hussein and refrain from all celebration of joy and happiness. Some even go to the extent of flogging themselves. They avoid holding the wedding ceremony in this month as they believed that it’s an unlucky month. The Sunni Muslims fast and celebrate the day according to the Hadith, which is in honor of Musa (Moses’) rescue of the people of Israel and obtain a victory from Egyptian Pharaoh on the 10th day of Muharram.
Also on the 10th day of Muharram, which is known as Ashura, most Muslims start fasting according to the Quran, when the sun rises, which come with an ending at later in the evening. Muslims cook a special meal and contribute them with the family members and friends. During this time, various religious events will be held such as spiritual singing, religious discussion and the recitation of Quranic verses. Also, special prayers and sermons are held in mosques, people congested around the areas of mosques in the evenings and at night.